352 new cases of HIV infection were reported in Sweden in 2021. 38 percent of the cases had been transmitted in connection with heterosexual contacts, 35 percent during sexual intercourse between men, and 26 percent by other means, such as intravenous drug use or from a mother to a child during pregnancy, childbirth, or breastfeeding. For a large proportion, 20 percent, detailed information is still missing.
The spread of HIV in Sweden remains stable and limited. Of all HIV transmissions, only 12 percent were reported to have taken place within the country’s borders. In 2021, Congo, Thailand, and Uganda were the most common countries where people contracted HIV.
Most cases of HIV infection were reported in the age group of 30-39. The median age of reported HIV infection in 2021, was 36 years (range 1-78 years).
More men than women in Sweden were reported with HIV infection, in contrast to the global situation. People who got the infection within the country were to a greater extent men (66 percent) and had a higher median age (38 years) than those who got the infection abroad.
Most new HIV cases were reported from metropolitan regions. The largest proportion (36 percent) was reported from the Stockholm region, both among people who stated that they had contracted HIV in Sweden and among those who contracted the infection abroad.