Abbreviations & words

ABC – “Abstinence, be faithful, use a condom”
AIDS – Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
ART – Antiretroviral therapy
ARV – Antiretroviral Treatment
CCM – Country Coordination Mechanism
CD4 – a surface structure found on certain cells in the body to which HIV attaches to enter the cell
DOT – Directly Observed Treatment
EPIDEMI – infectious disease affecting the population of a country or area
ENDEMI – infectious disease that is constantly present in a population
FEMIDOM – a condom for women. Femidom is similar to a traditional condom but is much larger. At the opening there is a wider edge and a ring that is placed around the outside of the vaginal opening. The ring prevents the condom from slipping into the vagina. At the bottom of the condom there is a smaller ring that facilitates insertion and that keeps the condom in place inside the vagina. Feminidom gives the woman control over her body because it is placed in the woman and not on the man.
GDP – Gross domestic product
GONGO – Government Owned Non Government Organisation
GRID – Gay Related ImmunoDeficiency (first name used for HIV/AIDS)
HAART – Highly Active Anti-Retroviral Treatment (combination therapy against HIV))
HIV – Humant Immunbrist Virus (1986, before that the following terms were used: LAV,HTLV III, ARV)
HBC – Home Based Care
HBTQ – Homosexual, Bisexual, Trans and Queer people
HR – Human Rights
IDU – Intravenous Drug User
IMF – International Monetary Fund
INCIDENS – The proportion of a population that falls ill or is infected during a given period of time, usually a year
INGO – International Non-governmental Organisation
IVM – Intravenous drug abuse
KSK – Women who have sex with women
KSM – Women who have sex with men
MDGs – Millenium Development Goals
MoH – Ministry of Health
MSF – Medicins Sans Frontières (Doctors Without Borders)
MSK – Men who have sex with women
MSM – Men who have sex with men
NGO – Non-Governmental Organisation
NIS – Newly Independent States
NPT – New prevention technologies is a collective name for new HIV prevention methods, including HIV vaccines and microbicides. NPT is complementary to existing prevention methods such as HIV information and education, safer sex, condom distribution, clean syringes, voluntary testing, counselling, support, care and treatment for HIV and other STIs.
PANDEMI -An epidemic that affects several people and spreads over large parts of the world
PeP – Post-Exposure Prophylaxis
PEPFAR – President Bush´s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief
PLWHA – People Living With HIV/AIDS
PMTCT – Prevention of Mother to Child Transmissions
PrEP – Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis, i.e. preventive treatment.
RETROVIRUS – HIV belongs to a family of viruses known as retroviruses
SARS – Severe acute respiratory syndrome
SIDA – Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency
STD – Sexually transmitted disease
STI – Sexually transmitted infections (sexually transmitted infections)
TA – Technical Assistance
TAC –Treatment, Action, Campaign
TB – Tuberculosis (TBC)
TRIP – Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights
UCC – UNAIDS Country Coordinator
UN – United Nations (FN)
UNAIDS – Joint United Nations programme on HIV/AIDS
UNGASS – United Nations Development Programme
UNDP – United Nations General Assembly Special Session
UNICEF – United Nations Children´s Fund
UNODC – United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime
USAID – United States Agency for International Development
VIREMI – Amount of virus in the blood
VCT – Voluntary Counselling and Testing
WAD – World Aids Day (International Aids Day, December 1)
WHO – World Health Organisation
WTO – World Trade Organisation

Riksförbundet Noaks Ark

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Reliable answers about HIV

You can turn to our counseling and ask any questions you want regarding HIV or other sexually transmitted and blood-borne diseases and remain completely anonymous. The call is not registered on your phone bill.

We who answer the phones have over 30 years of experience working with HIV. We are available for you on non-holiday weekdays between 10 am and 12 pm. During week 29 and week 30, we are open Monday, Wednesday, and Friday.