Health & treatment

Today, there are such good treatments against HIV that the amount of virus reaches barely measurable levels. The availability of drugs against HIV has increased significantly in the last 10 years. The modern HIV drugs used today are very effective and usually have no or only mild and usually temporary side effects. In order to slow down virus production in the best way, you will receive a combination of several different antiviral drugs. The World Health Organisation, WHO, recommends that HIV treatment should be started much earlier than before and for some groups preferably immediately after the HIV diagnosis. It is the doctor’s task to find the combination of medication that suits you best.

Take care of yourself

Taking care of yourself and your health is important for everyone if you want to experience a good quality of life, regardless of HIV status. What is good for people without HIV is extra good for people living with HIV. Regular exercise and healthy eating habits help you feel better both physically and mentally. Quitting smoking is especially important because HIV-positive people may be more prone to bronchial problems, blood clots, and lung cancer.

Vaccination for HIV positive people

According to the National Board of Health and Welfare’s recommendations, anyone who is HIV positive must get vaccinated against pneumococci. The National Board of Health and Welfare also believes that “it is good” if the person who is HIV positive gets vaccinated against tuberculosis. You can get vaccinated against the seasonal flu virus. HIV is not specifically mentioned in the recommendations, talk to your doctor to see if he or she thinks you should be vaccinated.

Patient rights for HIV-positive people

From the first of January 2003, the possibility to seek care in all county councils throughout the country applies. This means that you do not need to go to the nearest doctor, but can choose who you want to treat you. In many parts of the country, there are different options when it comes to choosing a healthcare centre. Read more on your county council’s website.

Free care

Patients with a confirmed or suspected public health disease, for example HIV, have the right to free medicines as well as free examination, care, and treatment. In connection with the prescription of medicines or visits for examination, care or treatment, the attending physician must check whether the patient is entitled to free of charge according to the Infection Prevention Act (2004:168).

Dental care for HIV positive people

You who do not have any symptoms can be treated in public or private dentistry according to current policy. If, on the other hand, you have symptoms of your disease, you can be referred to one of the public dental care’s clinics for infection dental care. Here you can get a consultation, treatment of changes in the oral mucosa or complete dental care.


If you are HIV-positive and have psychological problems linked to your HIV infection, you can receive treatment from a psychologist, counselor or therapist free of charge. Your doctor can give you a referral.

You are always, no matter what you want to talk about, welcome to contact us at Noaks Ark.

Riksförbundet Noaks Ark

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Reliable answers about HIV

You can turn to our counseling and ask any questions you want regarding HIV or other sexually transmitted and blood-borne diseases and remain completely anonymous. The call is not registered on your phone bill.

We who answer the phones have over 30 years of experience working with HIV. We are available for you on non-holiday weekdays between 10 am and 12 pm. During week 29 and week 30, we are open Monday, Wednesday, and Friday.